By Eileen Gardiner

Surviving texts from the traditional close to East demonstrate a cosmology that integrated a depressing underworld realm, largely linked to fertility cycles and describing fertility gods and goddesses who're captured and imprisoned during this realm.

In this underworld opposite gods stay completely in an international with out pleasure the place there's in basic terms dirt to consume and drink. This land additionally served as a superb warehouse for lifeless mortals. It was once now not conspicuously a spot of punishment, yet tricks of judgment and retribution are already glaring, and those parts grew to become major parts in different cultures because the suggestion of hell developed.

Evidence of this underworld are present in parts of 5 texts, which were integrated the following from:
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Descent of Inanna to the Netherworld
Baal and the Underworld
The Descent of Ishtar
The imaginative and prescient of Kummâ.
This paintings is released at the side of the web site www.Hell-on-Line.org, which provides a accomplished choice of fabrics at the greater than a hundred visions, excursions and outlines of the infernal otherworld from the cultures of the realm from 2000 BCE to the current. This moment variation encompasses a new preface, creation and bibliography.

Second version. 5 texts, preface, creation, notes, bibliography, thesaurus, internet resources.

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Ancient Near Eastern Hell: Visions, Tours and Descriptions of the Infernal Otherworld, Second Edition (Hell-on-Line E-Books) by Eileen Gardiner


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